Estuarine Crocodile Facts
Scientific name: Crocodylus porosus
The estuarine crocodile is commonly called as saltwater crocodile as this is one species that can tolerate salt water concentration as found in the oceans. However they are also found in inland water bodies. Found: Southeast Asian coastlines of different countries and Northern Australian shores and estuaries. The scientific name is Crocodylus porosus, where porosus means the bumpy nature of adult’s snout. They are the longest crocodilian species on the earth (of the living reptilian species). They can hit a length of about 6 meters (20 feet). They are brightly coloured with intriguing patterns of yellow or lime green. Youngsters are very colourful and have glowing eyes. They prey on varieties of animals starting from fish, crabs, young turtles, insects, rats, mice, frogs, toads, birds, young and small mammals. They are aggressive and can bring down even grown up antelopes and buffaloes. They hunt in packs too, if required, though most of their lives they are solitary hunters. They tolerate other adults in the vicinity, except during mating times. The fourth teeth in its lower jaw will protrude outside like a very long dagger even after the jaws are closed shut. The teeth are replaced at regular intervals. The fights between males to win a mate lead to fatal injuries or at times death itself. They mate underwater. The males are larger than the females. Females are almost half the male’s length in comparison. Gender is decided by the temperature of incubation. Normally eggs incubated above 35°C and below 30°C are females. The eggs incubated in that 5°C range are males. Mother has to break open the nest mound and carry her newborns to the water. The young ones readily take care of themselves and become efficient hunters once the nutrients in the yolk sac attached to them are used up. They are known to attack humans, as they are strong and huge. However, one can escape from these dangerous jaws with a few safety measures when encountering one.